Monday, January 20, 2020

Sophocles Antigone :: essays research papers

This paper is an essay on Antigone. The story Antigone is a great Greek tragedy. Sophocles, an ancient Greek playwright, is the author of the story. It is a great story. It is known throughout the world. This essay is going to trace the character of Antigone through the beginning, middle, and end of the story. Antigone is a very strong willed character. In the very first scene of the book Antigone is talking to her sister (Ismene) about how their two brothers (Eteocles and Polyneices) killed each other fighting over the thrown. Antigone is enraged over the fact that Creon (Antigone’s uncle and the new king) has buried Eteocles with military honors but has left Polyneices to rot. Creon has declared that any person who buries Polyneices will be killed, but Antigone doesn’t care. Antigone is driven to bury her brother and she wants her sister’s help. â€Å"Ismene, I am going to bury him. Will you come?†(pg.750 line 30). Ismene is too afraid of Creon to help Antigone. Antigone is determined to bury her brother at any cost, and unlike her sister, she is not afraid of Creon. â€Å"Creon is not strong enough to stand in my way,†(pg.750 line 35). Not even the threat of death is enough to make Antigone afraid of Creon. At this point in the book she is stubborn and self-righteous. Antigone then goes out at night and buries Polyneices. That makes Creon very mad, so he unburies Poylneices and posts guard around the body. The next day a whirlwind kicks up around the guards and Antigone starts to bury Polyneices again. Unfortunately the whirlwind died before Antigone could finish burying him, so she is captured and brought to Creon. Antigone boldly admits to burying her brohter despite the fact that she could be killed. Creon tries to convince her that what she did is wrong by pointing out that Eteocles is her brother and Polyneices is a traitor for attacking the city. Despite the fact that her brother, Polyneices, attacked the city, Antigone still loves her brothers equally. â€Å"His own brother, traitor or not, are equal in blood,† (pg.766 line 110). Antigone enrages Creon by refusing to admit Polyneices fault. Ismene tries to take the blame with Antigone but Antigone refuses her help. â€Å"Yes, save yourself, I shall not envy you. There are those who will praise you, I will have honor too,† (pg.

Sunday, January 12, 2020

Aloe Vera

More than 6,000 years ago, ancient Egyptians used this plant for a variety of different things. Today, we have expanded on that idea. Although the place of origin is unclear, many believe that it was first discovered in Sudan. Later, it was introduced to the Mediterranean region, Africa, Asia, India, and Europe. There are many branches of the Aloe Plant. The one most active is Aloe Barbadensis. Within this plant, there are more than 15 active components found inside. It also provides 20 out of the 22 (90%) amino acids humans require, in order to survive. Most importantly, it provides 8 out of the 8 (100%) essential amino acids.Aloe Vera contains over 10 vitamins and salicylic acid. Salicylic acid is exceptionally great for the skin, because it aids in the shedding of the skin skin cells. It also decreases inflammation and swelling. Throughout many cultures and places in the world, aloe vera has different uses. In traditional Indian medical practices, it has been used for constipation, skin diseases, worm infestations and as an natural remedy for colic. Colic is described as an severe, fluctuating pain in the abdomen caused by intestinal gas or obstruction in the intestines. In contrast to this, in Chinese medicine, it is used to treat fungal infections. Like the cultures listed, the Western Hemisphere also uses this plant, known as the † Plant of Immortality.† In the western world, it is used throughout many cosmetic agencies, for medicinal purposes and in the restaurant industries. The manufacturing of Aloe Vera is also one of the most outstanding industries in the world. Within the aloe plant, it is composed of two (2) different substances: gel and latex. The gel is located in the center of the leaf, and the latex is in the cells beneath the leaf. Several kinds of people use the two (2) substances together or either separate. One reason as to why it has the power to heals cuts, skin damage from X- rays, and protect the skin from dryness, is because it contains, â€Å"Antrakinon† chemicals.

Saturday, January 4, 2020

How Has Public Health Healthcare Improved Public...

How has public health informatics improved public health and public health services offered to Americans over the last two decades? In America, on the state, federal and local Public health organizations use informatics widely. Especially the federal government, most of their research is centered on informatics science and digital technology that will have a great influence on public health. Public health informatics has improved public health and public health services offered to Americans over the last two decades in many ways. For instance, upgrades in technology and transformation in how health care is delivered are just to name a few. Computer systems are not as expensive as the use to be and they are quicker than before. In the past, in information system development projects computer hardware was the foremost expensive cost. Opposed to the past, we now have the World Wide Web that includes graphic and universal communication is also enhanced. The development of the enhanced gr aphics and communication offers a powerful new example for standardized implementation for all information systems. Streamlining is especially easy since the new development of the web application. Updating and upgrading applications can be accessed immediately without the use of the software. With that being said, the developments in today’s informatics system are more easily made possible and better to understand. Still there is so much being worked on and being more improved uponShow MoreRelatedComparison and Contrasts of the United States and Canadian Health Care Systems1624 Words   |  7 PagesContrasts of the United States and Canadian Health Care Systems The National healthcare debate is one that has been a continuing arguing point for the last decade. The goal is to provide healthcare to all Americans, regardless of whether they are able to afford insurance or not. In 2009, the U.S. National Health Care Act failed to come to be debated in the house. This Act would have called for the creation of a universal single-payer health care system. Under the policies thisRead MoreEssay on Healthcare Museum954 Words   |  4 Pages Health Care Museum Vanessa Garcia HCS/235 01-21-2014 Sandra Huppenbauer Healthcare has been and will always be a growing industry from new vaccines to new diseases. We would like to create a non-profit organization and open a Health Care Hall of Fame Museum. In this museum we will have various exhibits that have changed healthcare. I will give you a brief description of five that play a huge role in public health today. PublicRead MoreImplementing The Affordable Care Act1670 Words   |  7 Pages Specific Country Goals: Cuban healthcare is a unique system that came about as a result of campaign promises from Fidel Castro in 1959. Although during Batistas rule doctors were well trained and respected, most all the countrys health services and facilities were located in concentrated population centers. The lack of access to rural farmers and families had created marked disparities between the two groups. However, as Fidel rose to power, his new state would act to provide free and accessibleRead MoreCanadians Thoughts On Their Health Care System2032 Words   |  9 PagesMost Canadians are very proud of their health care because it provides citizens universal coverage on the basis of need. However, in the recent decade, Canadians have observed obvious deterioration in the quality of the system in regards to waiting times, availability of the best technology, and adequate numbers of doctors and nurses. The apparent decline within the system has made many Canadians more open to a variety of options than they were a decade ago, provided that the core elements of theRead MoreThe Republic Of The Philippines1600 Words   |  7 PagesPhilippines total area is approximately 300,000 sq km, which includes approximately 298,000 sq km of land. The country has no land boundaries. The capital of the Philippines is Manila and the country’s most populous city is Quezon City, both part of Metro Manila. The archipelago, a Spanish colony during the 16th century and ceded to the United States in 1898 following the Spanish-American War, gained independence from the United States on July 4, 1946. The nation’s population was estimated at 102.6Read MoreUniversal Health Care : Universal Healthcare1615 Words   |  7 Pages Universal Healthcare in the USA The campaign for some form of universal health care has spanned practically a century in the USA and has been the subject of political debate since the early part of the 20th century. Recent reforms remain an active and urgent political issue. Universal Health Care has been one of the leading public issues in America and in recent times this issue has risen to the fore, because of its increasing prevalence in theRead MoreThe Current Patient Protection And Affordable Care Act ( Ppaca )2437 Words   |  10 PagesABSRACT The healthcare system in the United States has been under fire for the last several years, with the primary focus on radical reform of the fragile healthcare system. Legislators, the American people and the media all have differing opinions on the direction of such a reform. The following is an investigative review of the current Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA), which is the latest attempt at reform and the most ambitious healthcare reform in the history of the UnitedRead More10 Inspirational Quotes About Nurses Summary. Nurses Are1062 Words   |  5 Pagespractices evolve, these professionals change in parallel to deliver the best possible health services to consumers. This ever changing environment can prove challenging for nurses and patients. During these challenges, uplifting statements can help individuals hold steadfast through adversity. Utterances made by individuals who have achieved greatness tend to inspire the most. With this in mind, great healthcar e leaders, professionals, and others involving the work affects nurses have made the followingRead MoreCase Scenario1762 Words   |  8 PagesIMPEMENTATION OF HEALTHCARE POLICY IN THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA: CASE SCENARIO THE AFFORDABLE CARE ACT BACKGROUND The argument that every American citizen should have a guaranteed healthcare cover takes two dimensions (Grover, 2007). Is it that all citizens should have access to the same level of healthcare? Or should they have a right to some minimum healthcare cover? The U.S government has selected the second option in relation to the policies it creates directed to healthcare. There are quiteRead MoreSingle Payer Healthcare for the United States5163 Words   |  21 Pages|The Case For Single Payer, Universal Health Care For The United States | | | | | | | | | |Nicole Jones

Friday, December 27, 2019

Sweat Shops Essay - 1199 Words

THESIS ESSAY ASSIGNMENT What is a sweatshop really? Well the American Heritage Dictionary defines a sweatshop as a shop or factory in which employees work long hours at low wages under poor conditions. If someone had heard this definition of sweatshops they would go straight to the assumption that sweatshops are not good. But they do have some good in them. They keep workers away from bad things such as prostitution and crimes. They also boost the countries economy and give them a means of survival. Thats what sweatshop defenders would say which is not completely true. Not only do sweatshop workers not get enough money to feed themselves and their families, they are subjected to exploitation, and horrible working†¦show more content†¦This has to be looked at logically as well. If Im scrounging for food in a dumpster, someone must be eating the food that ends up in the dumpster. Someone must have a job producing wages to buy food. All food in the dumpster comes from food on plates. If this was not t rue, the food would not be in the dumpster in the first place. The same argument applies to prostitution. When no one has money to pay, you cant be a prostitute. The prostitute must get money. Where is that money coming from? There must be jobs producing money somewhere in the local economy. One must logically conclude that some sort of economy is operating long before the sweatshop factory ever arrives. If this was not true, there would be no people alive to work in the sweatshop. Secondly sweatshops are good because the countries economy goes up. But this is not completely true. Even though they are getting paid sweatshop workers and child laborers are trapped in a cycle of exploitation that rarely improves their economic situation. Since multinational corporations are constantly pressuring suppliers for cost- cutting measures, workers most often find conditions getting worse instead of better. The economy would improve by increasing wages just buy a couple of cents. For example, instead of receiving just 1.6 cents for each baseball cap workers sewed, they would earn about 3 cents. The caps are sold for $17 in the U.S.A. and Canada. AnShow MoreRelated Nike Sweat Shops Essay707 Words   |  3 PagesNike Sweat Shops I am writing this letter to express my concerns over Nikes labor practices in Asia. There has been much debate and controversy recently concerning Nikes Asian labor practices. It is very difficult to determine which side of the argument to defend, as both acknowledge the problems yet put a completely different spin on the facts. I will try to show that Nike has created a cloud of smoke in Asia that the public cannot see through. Nike does not own any of the factories thatRead MoreSweat Shops in Mexico Essay882 Words   |  4 PagesMexico dependency on the United States hinders them. If the U.S. falls economically, like during recession, Mexican workers are effected. â€Å"The Great Recession has led to unsafe working conditions, unpaid overtime, fewer benefits, and speed-ups on the shop floor† (Paterson). 79% of Mexico’s total exports going to the U.S in 2011 (Villarreal). Mexico main export products go to the Unites States which means Mexico makes a tremendous amount of products for the United States, but the country does not getRead MoreSweatshops : A Global Discussion On Fair Trade Versus Sweatshops1680 Words   |  7 Pagesare many opinions on this topic, especially when it comes down to whether or not sweat shops should be ethically and morally accepted by society. Many argue that fair trade is the answer to the sweatshop crisis, but this solution isn’t quite so simple. What are Sweatshops? To grasp the notion of sweatshops it is vital that we know the true meaning of sweatshops. A dictionary definition of a sweatshop is â€Å"a shop or factory in which employees work for long hours at low wages and under unhealthyRead MoreThe Task Of Composing A Descriptive Essay1310 Words   |  6 PagesRecently, my Composition I teacher assigned the class the task of composing a descriptive essay. This led me to the question, â€Å"what is a descriptive essay?† What topic could I possible write about for three whole pages? What have I done, seen, or experience that could fill these three long pages? My life thus far has been quite sheltered, so this has created quite the dilemma for me. Being that I am supposed to be descriptive, I feel the need to describe the stress that this has created for me. MyRead MoreEssay on The Immigrant Experience: The Anguish of Becoming American1732 Words   |  7 PagesThis made it a little easier for him to find a job, and bring in money. Jade Wongs father had his own business, and this made money for the family (more than a sweat shop lob). This also provided a job opportunity for Jade. Not all of the immigrants owned their own business. Harry Roskolenkos (Jewish) father worked in a sweat shop. This not only physically made it harder for the family but, in his fathers old age, it mentally broke him down as well. Money was only one of many factors thatRead MoreWho Are the Winners and Losers of a Consumer Society Essay example1512 Words   |  7 PagesEssay Plan Introduction General statement on the question, who are the winners and losers of a consumer society? Main body Who are the winners in a consumer society? Tesco’s are they a major player? How supermarkets use their power of seduction. Out of town shopping, how influenced are we? Power – supermarket wars Cheap labour Who are the losers in a consumer society? The seduced and repressed. Conclusion Bibliography Referencing Self Reflection Who are the winnersRead MoreThe s Front Door At Seven O Clock On A Sunday880 Words   |  4 PagesOpening Sweetgreen’s front door, I instantly felt out of place. At seven o’clock on a Sunday evening, the small salad shop was a place filled with almost all females. Even though I was anticipating this result, I still found it hard to believe that this restaurant was always occupied by entirely women. Upon asking an employee about whether my observation was something that occurs often, he responded, â€Å"we are Sweetgreen. Of course, we get a lot more girls than guys.† The fact that Sweetgreen attractsRead MoreRhetorical Analysis: Why I Love Shoplifting from Big Corporations?1114 Words   |  4 Pages Why I Love Shoplifting From Big Corporations: Rhetorical analysis The essay title Why I Love Shoplifting is designed to immediately shock the reader. The essays full title Why I Love Shoplifting From Big Corporations hints at the authors larger social critique of American capitalism. The author complains that she lives as a wage slave, forced to work most of her life to pay for basic necessities while large companies make huge profits off of her labor. When she pays for something, sheRead MoreApparel Industry Wage And Sweatshop Industry s Wage Rate971 Words   |  4 Pagescost less for maximum profit are working as a fuel to this industry. In this essay we are going to see that most of the jobs provided by sweatshops do not provide an average standard of living to its employees. We are going to compare the apparel industry wage rate and sweatshop industry’s wage rate. The atmosphere of the workplace also a factor to look upon and we will come to know why it is a â€Å"living hell†.We love to shop and we always want everything at the cheap price. Don’t you want Gucci, PradaRead MoreNike s Marketing Practises With Puma1092 Words   |  5 PagesThis essay begins by discussing the competition between Nike and one of its rivals. This essay will focus on Puma as they are Nike’s rival. Moreover, it will analyse and discuss Nike’s marketing practises with Puma; these two companies will be compared and will be supported by examples and references that will be shown throughout the essay. To begin with, Nike is the world’s largest sports brand while Puma is currently the third largest sports company after Adidas in the sports industry. (Heydt

Wednesday, December 18, 2019

Rehabilitation Is Not Effective Treatment For Sex Offenders

In the news or on social media, we often see cases where young children are being sexually assaulted. So ask yourself this question, should there be stricter for child molesters? I can answer that now without a second thought. Yes, child molesters should receive stricter jail time for their crimes. Rehab is not effective treatment for sex offenders. Often we see repeat offenders because of light sentencing by lenient judges. The children are left to deal with a lifetime of psychological, emotional, and/ or physical damage of these sex offenders. Rehab is not effective treatment for sex offenders. North Carolina prison system has developed rehab program for sex offenders called SOAR (Sexual Offender Accountability and Responsibility). The program is only at medium and minimum custody level camps. The program was developed to try to correct sex offender’s behavior by teaching the offenders appropriate social and sexual behavior. One of the requirements to meet the program criteria is to admit that they are guilty of the sexual offense. Also, the inmates have to rein act their crimes. Offenders that complete the program are given reduced sentences, and those who have life sentences are granted parole with the stipulation that they must return to the prison to help teach the SOAR program. (Robert A. Carbo, 2000) According to officers at prisons where the SOAR program is implemented, 60% of the inmates re-offend even after completing the SOAR program. North Carolina shouldShow MoreRelatedUsefulness of the United Kingdoms Rehablitation of Offenders Act1019 Words   |  5 PagesThe Rehablitation of Offenders Act 1974 has been put in place to ease offenders back into society and also make sure that offenders’, that are given under a 30 month prison sentence, convictions are spent. Therefore employers of the recent offender are not allowed to discriminate against that person, allowing the offender more opportunity to gain employment. This briefing note outlines the strengths and weaknesses of rehabilitating sex offenders. By analysing the literature and statistics surroundingRead MoreRehabilitation Programmes For Male Sex Offenders884 Words   |  4 Pagesof male sex offenders across Australia both indigenous and non-indigenous population clearly indicate the need for rehabilitation programmes for male sex offenders. This article provides a brief overview of current and emerging approaches in order to treatment of male sex offenders and the role of the therapists in achieving the goal of treatm ents. Research supports the relevant application for an approach in which treatment is effective on the risk of recidivism exposed by male offenders. ResearchRead MoreCriminal Justice Sex Offender Strategies Essay1120 Words   |  5 Pagesprofessionals use strategies to monitor sex offenders. The main three general categories of supervision are statutory mandates, treatment, and electronic monitoring devices. Due to the fact that sex offenders are the hardest to supervise, there needs to be effective strategies. This group is the hardest to supervise because a sexual act can occur at anytime and anywhere in a quick timeframe. Statutory Mandates The laws and sanctions that sex offenders must adhere to while under some type ofRead MoreResponse Paper On Sexual Offenders1653 Words   |  7 PagesSexual offenders refer to sexual acts against a victim’s will and includes a wide range of behaviors ranging from exposing oneself in a public place to rape. Probation and parole officers have the difficult task of working with sexual offenders and trying to help them during their rehabilitation process. From researching different sources, I have concluded that risk assessment, treatment, supervision, and restrictions/registration have effectively helped by working with sexual offenders in the communityRead MorePublic Health Issues Are Concerns On How To Protect The1749 Words   |  7 Pagesfocus on the medical orientation and preventive concerns of the victims rather than the offenders. The public health professionals may care less for the offenders if the victim does not get hurt or injuries are involved. One matter that may surprise public health professionals is when criminal justice officials switch attention from a victim to their offender. Once the injuries are bean identify, then the offender in concluded, and the information obtained is file, the criminal justice personal startRead MoreSex Offenders And Sexual Offenders Essay1420 Words   |  6 Pagesto why there has been such interest around child sexual offenders in criminology. Furthermore, sexual offending tends to be seen as an attribute in an individual that is unchangeable, with this there is potential that some may see child sex offenders in a more unfavourable light when being compared to a murder. Considering the statement above, it is also believed that sexual offenders are more likely to re-offend than other type of offenders because this type of violence is abnormal and untreatableRead MoreRehabilitation of Sex Offenders1113 Words   |  5 Pageschild. According to Becerra-Garcà ­a, Garcà ­a-Leà ³n and Egan (2 012), sex offenders are twice as likely to report being sexually, emotionally, or physically abused as a child in comparison to other offenders. There are also other factors besides abuse that must be taken into consideration. A recent study on female sex offenders by Roe-Sepowitz and Krysik (2008) states, â€Å"the data reveal that many of the 118 female juvenile sex offenders came from chaotic and disorganized families and had poor parentalRead MorePunishment vs Rehabilitation1678 Words   |  7 Pagesï » ¿ Punishment versus Rehabilitation Survey of Justice and Security - AJS/502 March 17, 2014 Arnold Wicker    Punishment versus Rehabilitation, there has been many debates on the effectiveness of punishment compared to the effectiveness of rehabilitation of convicted offenders in prison and under community supervision. Punishment is defined as a penalty that is imposed on an individual for doing something wrong. The term rehabilitation is defined as a way to help somebodyRead MoreCriminal Rehabilitation978 Words   |  4 PagesCriminal rehabilitation  involves restoring an individual to useful life through education, and therapy. The rehabilitation assumption is that individuals are never permanently  criminals. As a result, it is possible to reinstate a criminal to useful life where they positively contribute to the society and to themselves. The main aim of criminal rehabilitation is the prevention of habitual offending or criminal  recidivism. Criminal rehabilitation seeks to bring an offender into a normal state of mindRead MoreUnderstanding And Treatment Programs For Adult Pedoph iles1568 Words   |  7 Pages(Blanchard, 2010). With the help of the media, law enforcement and laws regarding sexual offenders, people are more aware of the crime. The awareness is of the risks that make people more likely to become a victim. However, awareness should also shed light on the predictive factors as to why people commit sexual assaults in the first place. This paper will evaluate and review the understanding and treatment programs for adult pedophiles. A simple question has been asked: What works, if anything

Tuesday, December 10, 2019

Family relationship free essay sample

Family relationship is an interpersonal type of which could define as a relatively long term association field between 2 or more persons. Person’s presence would therefore be considered a very requirement for a relationship to exist. The basic of a relationship are also found and normally differ. However they make a particular relationship brought out as a very context is regulated by a mutual agreement that exists in the family members In the book, Night below station sheet the theme of relationship is strongly depicted and family type of relationship is dominantly brought about by the author. This is evidenced by the fact that this story is set in a rural environment and the main characters that complete and appropriate story being are Mr. and Mrs. walsh together with their the daughter Adelle. Being a family relationship it is founded on mutual liking and understanding. As depicted by the marriage of the Walsh and their daughter being a result of whatever existed between Joe and Rita. We will write a custom essay sample on Family relationship or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page This relationship of the Walsh family brings out the ability and power of accommodation by each of the member despite the differences found in views on different issues and opinions that each of them is entitled to about life as a whole. This call be characterized and evidenced of the fact that there is Addle’s loyalty to her father and the mother tolerance of the father’s continuous drinking. The father is tentatively hooked in alcoholism and exercises drinking but the mother and the daughter both understand that it isn’t his fault and put to halt. They bear with the father’s state despite the different and negative opinions the enter communication hold about him (Mr. Walsh). There is retaliation of love and understanding in this story Night below Station Street. This could be seen by the ability to accept Mr. Walsh which is owned by his wife and daughter. They say â€Å"Blood is thinker than water†. This could be proved to be three by this family’s approach to their own weakness and bad habit that exist along them. Mr. Joe Walsh’s situation is with all attempts continued by both his wife and daughter. His wife has been viewed as an individual holds the best opinion on anyone whether evil or good. Her willingness to always believe the best about people her to bear with he husbands situation of alcoholism and become optimistic to change. Role playing is also evident in the view of the wash’s family’s being and existence. In this family the members through under the father who’s as alcoholism victim’s leadership heading property play their role as far utter loyalty to the father. This is why there arises conflict of interest within Addle. Mr. and Mrs. Walsh as parents have actually failed in the build up of a parent child relationship and its proper establishment. They right have failed either by not socially interacting with their daughter not living time to attend their daughter even failure to communicate. This might have taken place due to the ignorance of the painful truth and fact that communication is that vital pillar that the establisher and stabilizes any given relationship. Addle lover her parents and especially her father through routed deeply into alcoholism.   Though in the growth and development period, Addle’s progress is not to the right direction due to the fact that everything her perspective of life the challenges she is facing in process of growth and her emotions as state generally. This in turn has resulted to even team and embrace proper self control in regard to various issues in life. In this state of immaturity Addle has not even known how to nurse or heal her frustration. In a general view Addle has not to deal with issues on their arrival Due to loneliness in Addle life caused by lack of proper communication between her parents she greatly suffers at the expenses of her parents hence her family. Addle becomes pregnant and finds it though in a great bids to contain the situation she has required and conceal this from her family she acknowledges the fact that her family is unstable due to the terrible seed of alcohol that has planted itself in her father’s life it is in this respect that she now desire independence from her family. Addle is in conflict as her desire to be independent piously wars with the love she has for her father. It is not easy for her to live her father knowing very well that her father reads her support and strength in his isolated state and bids to face the problem of drinking. Addle is forced to conflict the love and loyalty she has since time immemorial accorded her father. Conclusion Addle’s relationship with her family is in a chaotic state due to the reason conflict found deep within her and her father state. This interpersonal relationship would still be in an appropriate position to take a turn of the event even communication are in her hand and the attempts by Addle to control her implies frustration. Her pregnancy is a state brought about by a deed that cannot be undone.

Tuesday, December 3, 2019

Pertaining to psychology free essay sample

An article in Psychology Today regarding the concepts of alcoholism as a hereditary factor is analyzed and discussed with attributes to scientific facts and statistical claims. Written by the Psychology Today staff, the article; Is It In The Genes? Driven to drink: Does alcoholism run in the family?, begins by proclaiming that 60% of alcoholics have at least on alcoholic parent. Given this number, the question is then raised as to whether the â€Å"disease† is caused by â€Å"wayward genes or lost dreams.† Though claimed as a mystery, the article foreshadows an answer by stating that studies say both sides may be right. The article states that investigators have concluded that there are two types of alcoholics among men – those with beginnings to alcohol abuse before the age of 25, and those whose disease progresses at later periods in life. Of these two types, those with the early beginnings are more inclined to have incidence of family related alcoholism, which suggests a genetic predisposition. We will write a custom essay sample on Pertaining to psychology or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Astonishingly, this particular group is stated to comprise 40% of the estimated million male alcoholics in the United States. Not surprising however, this group is most commonly associated with violent behavior. On the other end of the scale, the men who have shown to become alcoholic later in life show a commonality of less family involvement. Their abuse is attributed more to a sought relief from stress and/or anxiety. Given these results, and the possibility of genetic predispositions, many research studies have been conducted in an effort to single out a common chromosomal defect. Fingers have been pointed at a gene which affects the ability of brain cells to respond to dopamine, which is believed to be a reason that alcoholics abuse alcohol – an unaware effort to boost dopamine levels. Other beliefs sway toward what is called a â€Å"mean gene† that impairs the proper actions of serotonin, a chemical stimulant in the brain. As these studies and the researchers who have concluded them debate about the actual culprit, a recent opinion has been declared by Frederick K. Goodwin, M.D. who is the head of the National Institute of Mental Health. Per the article, Goodwin states that there may be more than one single gene involved with alcoholism, much the same as with diabetes. Goodwin also believes that future research may conclude a common genetic predisposition to a complete host of addictions of any range. In sum, Goodwin believes there may be a common thread among all addicts, but that specific characteristics may perpetuate certain cases. Pertaining to psychology, this article is a fantastic way of raising the questions of psychological issues in addiction. It contradicts the actuality that alcoholism, or addiction altogether, is strictly a sect of the psyche which can be overcome through psychological treatment. This article gives simple, yet concise examples and statistics which proclaim the possibility of hereditary predispositions to alcohol addiction, thus ruling out a strong possibility of psychological defect. Though it could be argued that a psychological predisposition could be genetically evident, the concepts of hereditary factors appear to be more supportive of genetic makeup and not learned behavior, which is a common belief toward alcoholism in European societies. This article is very informative of the most recent approaches toward the diagnostics of alcoholism, and as to where the modern understandings of its illness are derived. In conclusive reaction, this particular article is educational to those who are both aware of the dynamics and characteristics of alcoholics and those completely ignorant of the issue. I am pleased with its content, directive, and overall conveyance of matter. BIBLIOGRAPHY: The PT Staff;   Psychology Today – Is It In the Genes? Driven to drink: Does alcoholism run in the family? Sussex Publishers, LLC 2006 http://www.psychologytoday.com/articles/pto-19920501-000014.html